How To Locate a Septic Tank

Septic TankHow To Locate a Septic Tank

One of the first questions is why do you need to know where your septic tank is located.

All single family household dwelling home sewage systems have a septic tank if they do not have a sanitary sewer line or city sewer at their house. Over time because of the usage the tank will need to be serviced, they slowly fill with solids and need to be pumped and cleaned, this you cannot do, you must call septic contractor that pumps out tanks.

If you are trying to locate your tank and do not have a map from when the tank was installed, sometimes the system inspector or county inspector has a map or system lay out. If this fails you should look in the yard for a low spot, high spot, a spot where there is little grass growth or a brown spot, if all this fails the next process will be go inside.

If you cannot find the tank look in the basement or crawl space for an outlet pipe generally a 4” diameter pipe going through the wall to the outside, all house waste lines should connect to this one line, and run out the wall to your septic tank.

Once you locate the line inside, go outside and mark where it goes through the wall and comes outside.
Now look around, if you see no visible evidence where the tank could be, you may want to measure, the tank is usually 10 to 20 or 25 ft. from the house, this is where the tank should be. Next you need to start poking around to find the tank cover, this could be done by using a ½” to 3/4” rod about 4 to 5 ft. long, if you do not have a rod try a pointed bar or small metal pipe.

If the soil is compacted hard you could use a hammer and tap the rod into the ground until you hit the solid tank. If no luck try every couple feet working from the out let pipe, you know where that is, work from the house side back through the tank, this should be a sure thing.

If you cannot find the tank using the probing method you will have to start digging, start hand digging finding the out let pipe as it runs out of the house to the septic tank.

If you give up and cannot locate the tank you should call your sewer contractor they can use a backhoe to locate the tank. This will cost more, but is a sure thing, they will find the tank.

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What is a Backhoe?

BackhoeWhat is a Backhoe? A machine that is a rubber tired and self-propelled with its own power unit and hydraulic system.

A backhoe is a machine with a hinged boom attached on the back of generally a tractor type machine. This tractor generally has a front bucket loader mounted on the front end of the tractor, making it a backhoe-loader unit called a backhoe.

The backhoe is an attachment that is mounted on the back or rear of a rubber tired tractor. The backhoe is derived from the cable operated track type steam shovel.

The first backhoe was made in the mid 1940’s. They made a hinged swing frame attachment with a two piece boom and bucket which was operated with a hydraulic system. The swing frame allowed the backhoe to swing from left to right generally to a 180* pivot.

In the 1950’s manufactures made many hydraulic type backhoes generally all were mounted on a rubber tired tractor, a front bucket loader was mounted on the front of the tractor, this allowed the machine to be a very versatile tool used in the construction field.

The backhoe has a two piece boom, this digging arm has a bucket, the bucket is filled using a pull motion, and the bucket is pulled toward the machine to fill it. The hydraulic system allows the operator to cast the material to a side spoil pile.

All Backhoes have some sort of out-rigger system also operated by the hydraulic system. The first machines had a one bar [stabilizer bar went across the bottom of the machine and pushed into the ground surface this kept the machine level as well as stable when digging to fill the bucket and designed to keep the backhoe stable and not tip over when dumping the bucket at the side of the machine] later design for out-riggers was a single leg or out-rigger for each side, this allowed the operator to level the machine when digging and they were much wider when lowered, making the backhoe much more stable and this new system had a foot on the bottom of the leg this helped hold the backhoe when digging in hard soil material.

The first backhoe loaders were used for utility work in many cities and villages, the backhoe could do the work of many men in a very short time, from loading spoils onto a dump truck to locating a utility service needing a repair, and the front bucket loader was used to move materials and supplies on construction sites.
Today most all backhoe loaders are made with cabs or roof protection and come in many sizes with many models to choose from, operate on the same principle as when invented.
The backhoe is widely used in the construction field—in farm and Ag—landscaping contractors and many utility districts.

Today there are many attachments made for the backhoe, this makes the machine very versatile with all the added tools.

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What is Asphalt ?

asphaltThe word asphalt is believed to come from the creek word ” asphalizen ” which means to make hard.

Generally today asphalt is used for all types of road construction for surfacing and resurfacing highways and streets.

The first asphalt used for paving streets was about 1875, this street was paved with asphalt, placed on the street in front of the court house in Newark, New Jersey, this is believed to be the first asphalt used in the United States, asphalt was used overseas before it was used in the U.S.

Later asphalt plants were invented around 1898 and the first plant was believed to be placed in Cambridge, Mass.

There were patents filed for the process of making asphalt from refining crude oil petroleum into an asphalt base oil, then mixing the oil with sized aggregate material.

Asphalt has been known by many names—-blacktop—-tarmac—-asphalt concrete—-bituminous concrete or just plain asphalt.

Asphalt today is generally made in a drum type plant, the aggregate materials and petroleum based oil are heated to a high temperature generally above 250 degrees F. this method is known as a hot mix type plant where the asphalt after mixing is generally a hot-laid type asphalt used for road surfaces.

The advantage to a hot-laid type asphalt, it is easy to work or lay down, installs as a smooth asphalt road constructionroad surface. Also the asphalt mixture can be transported in dump trucks many miles from the plant to the work site.

The hot mix asphalt is made of different sizes of aggregate for different types of uses on the surface of a roadway, the base type asphalt has larger aggregates for a base layer of asphalt and the top layer of asphalt uses a smaller type of aggregate for a smoother asphalt surface when completed.

Today paving is generally all hot mix asphalt, this material is easy to lay down using a modern asphalt paver, the asphalt is rolled in place and as the asphalt cools it becomes hard like concrete.

There are many types of asphalt today and there are many different uses for the asphalt produced.

How to Repair Lawn Damage

How to repair lawn damage.lawn damage repair

In this article we will give some tips on how to do an easy lawn repair where grass has been damaged or ruts are in your lawn a result from a home delivery or damage from winter snow plowing.

If there are bare spots that could be caused by different reasons, do they happen every year, is the spot under a tree or in the shade, is it near a building or garage.

There is an easy way to fix the lawn, first decide what area you want to reseed, how big of an area, measure the total square footage of the total areas you want to reseed.

To get the square footage: measure how many feet long x how many feet wide—example—10 ft. long x 2 ft. wide=20 sq ft.— if there are other areas to repair add them together for a total, this information you will need when getting seed and fertilizer also if you need to order topsoil or bagged soil.

What is needed before you start:                                                                                                                                                      Work gloves—safety glasses—garden rake—round point shovel—maybe a square point shovel—maybe a wheel barrow—grass seed—fertilizer—mulch or straw—maybe topsoil or bagged soil—maybe a garden tiller if the rutted area is to hard to hand grade.

Now you are ready to start, level the area you want to seed, if there are old debris and the lawn area is not level remove them, start with a level lawn area, once the area is level do you need soil, is new lawn area low, how do you know—will water stand there after a rain—if the answer is yes you will need some soil to level it out.

Once the new lawn area is ready for seeding spread seed over the new lawn, if your area is small you could spread seed by hand, sprinkle the seed, if the seed is a little too heavy, that is better than to light, the seed will need time to germinate, remember the ground should be warm, this means do not seed in the winter because most times the seed will not grow.

Next spread fertilizer over in seeded area this also could be spread by hand, you will not need as much fertilizer as seed so spread it on lightly.

Now you will need to place mulch lightly over the seeded area, straw works best, but if not available hay could be used, do not spread to heavy, do not pull the mulch off when the grass starts growing , you will only pull the roots out, the mulch works as a cover, it holds moisture helping the seed to germinate, gives the seed shade, keeps birds from taking the seed, generally the mulch will break down and work as compost and the mulch helps keep the ground warm allowing seed growth easily.

You will not have to rake the seed and fertilizer in the soil, yes you will need to water but do not over water this may slow the seed growth, the mulch will disappear as the seed grows.

This is an easy way to repair your lawn damage, any home owner can do this repair, there may be other methods but this works very well and is easy to do.

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What is an Excavator

What is an excavator?excavator

The modern hydraulic excavator is a machine design that started with the early steam shovel and early cable operated shovels.

The need to excavate material on early construction projects and load material into R.R. cars or onto horse drawn wagons without the use of a man and shovel is when the first steam shovel was invented around the late 1890’s .

The early revolving steam shovels were first seen and used around the early 1900’s. From those early shovels came the power shovels with gas or diesel engines and the pull type machines that were cable operated machines were also invented and used for trenching on many construction sites.

In the late 1960’s the first hydraulic excavator was seen and by the early ‘70’s they were on all major construction projects.

The excavator today is used on construction projects, by landscapers, city or village utility districts and the excavator is made in many sizes from over 100 tons to smaller sizes as 10 tons.

The excavator is sometimes called a “trackhoe” this machine has tracks that moves the machine and the tracks on the ground help keep the machine level and stable as the machine digs.

The excavator has an arm or boom and a dipper stick with a bucket and that moves with hydraulic fluid, hydraulic pumps move the fluid, makes hydraulic pressure and hydraulic flow.

Some excavators are equipped with hydraulic backfill blades and can be used for added machine stability when digging or for grading work.

Larger excavators have standard steel tracks with smooth track pads or small bars not deep cleats, one of features of the excavator is the low ground pressure allowing a minimal ground disturbance. The excavator moves with hydraulic drives and a hydraulic pump system.

Hydraulic excavators are mounted on a platform, this platform pivots 360* degrees, hydraulic pumps and controls allows the machine to rotate or swing in any direction. Some excavators have a zero tail swing option which allows the machine to fully rotate within the width of their tracks.

Excavators have an operator area or platform where all the controls are to operate the machine. This area for the operator is designed for the operator comfort with seat, legroom, visibility; joystick operated hand controls and engine decelerator are mostly standard on all excavators.

Many optional work tools can be used with the excavator—hydraulic hammers—hydraulic tampers—hydraulic thumbs—hydraulic angling bucket.


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What is a Skid Steer

What is a Skid Steer?Skid-Steer

A skid steer is a compact machine most commonly a wheeled machine, a tracked skid steer also has a useful place in the construction industry. The size can vary, average size is 5’ wide to 6’ 8”wide and the average length is about 10’ long to about 11’ 9” long. They are equipped with a standard front bucket, size can vary.

Skid steers have a hydraulic system for working the front bucket and other machine features such as hydrostatic brakes, parking brakes and optional work tools.

Most skid steers consider operator comfort and are designed with operation controls with hands and with foot controls. Skid steers on the average have a contoured seat to reduce operator fatigue, padded armrest and most have excellent visibility when operating the machine.

Many skid steers have optional work tools that can extend the versatility of the machine. Quick couplers allow work tools such as vibratory compactors—landscape rakes—hydraulic hammers—auger drills—grapple forks and many bucket sizes.


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What is a Lowboy Trailer

What is a lowboy trailer?lowboy trailer

The lowboy trailer has a drop deck, one end –gooseneck –this end hooks to the truck, the other end at the rear wheels, drops down and is a few inches off the ground.

The first lowboy was invented in the 1920’s and had a row of rear tires made of solid rubber, as many as 8-tiers, across the rear of the trailer. The trailer was loaded from the rear; you would drive up over the rear tires and onto the trailer deck.

The first lowboy trailer with a detachable gooseneck [gooseneck is the front of the trailer that hooks to the truck] was invented in the late 1950’s. Today all detachable trailers load from the front [gooseneck end] of the trailer; this allows the equipment to drive on the trailer without the use of loading ramps. Most all new detachable lowboy trailers have a hydraulic system that operates a hydraulic ram that raises the trailer to hook the trailer unit after it is loaded.

All new type lowboy trailers are towed by a semi-truck, all have air brakes, all are two axles’ trailers with 8-tires, larger heavy trailers have three axles with 12-tires, some special heavy duty trailers have four axles, and there are even very heavy duty trailers with more than 4-axles.

Some lowboys trailers are a beam type trailer which means the large heavy equipment is carried with a center [2-beams] under the piece of equipment, this allows a taller load, the load can be only inches off the highway, this type trailer can have 3-axles and ever 4 rear axles, some unit can carry up 100 tons. This beam type lowboy has a gooseneck that hooks to the semi-truck, the beam trailer use the air brakes system, and a hydraulic system.

There are other types of lowboy trailers and sometimes the lowboy has been called a lowbed trailer, they are the same trailer. The lowboy trailers have a large range of weight capacity from 10 ton to 100 tons and over with special units. There may be other trailer units not mentioned.

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What is a Front Loader

What is a front loader?front loader

A front loader is generally a 4-wheel drive unit with a bucket at the front end of the machine and a counter weight at the rear of the machine, this allows a balance when the bucket is loaded and when the loader is dumping a bucket of material.

A loader is also known as a bucket loader—front end loader—payloader—skip loader—wheel loader—loader and front loader. A loader is a tractor type machine usually a four wheel machine with a power unit and hydraulic system.

A front loader with tracks looks like a bulldozer, a bucket is where the blade was, and they operate same as a wheeled loader.

All loaders have a hydraulic system that operates the boom [2 arms one on each side] with a hydraulic cylinder that connects to the bucket and a cylinder linkage that operates the bucket.

A wheel loader has a pivot point at the center of the machine, this is an articulated steering design, hydraulic cylinders, one on each side pulls the machine left or right allowing a tighter turning arc and turning radius making the machine a very maneuverability and steering very easy.

The front loader has its own special use on—construction sites—quarry—gravel pits—factories—ready-mix plants and many other uses.

The main purpose for the front loader is to dig or scoop material, load the front bucket with material and move it or dump into or onto stock piles—backfill trenches or work sites—load dump trucks—fill hoppers at plants or a quarry.

Front loaders are made in many sizes and are work compatible with any project or work area, smaller loaders could weigh 5 tons or less and larger loaders could weigh up to 50 tons or more depending in the job requirement.

The operator’s cab of a new loader is generally mounted on a platform above the machine; this allows the operator a clear vision of the work area. Operator comfort is important for operator productivity and without operator fatigue.

Most new loader cabs are equipped with air suspension seats—large front windshields—large cab exit doors—easy hydraulic steering—a/c and heater—am/fm radio—easy hydraulic operating controls.

The wheel loader has optional attachments—load forks—sweeper boom—side dump buckets to name a few.

Also track type front loaders have an important use in the construction field when working in special conditions and projects; they operate basically the same as a wheel loader, with many of the same operator comforts.

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What is a Utility Trailer

What is a utility trailer ?utility trailer

A utility trailer refers to many types of different trailers, a utility trailer is a unpowered vehicle. The trailer must be towed or pulled by a powered vehicle, that could be a car—pick-up—ATV—utility tractor—lawn tractor—farm tractor—SUV’s or behind almost any powered vehicle with a rear hitch.

The utility trailer can have many different types and sizes—small garden trailers for pulling behind lawn tractors or AVT’s. They are flat-bed type, beds with sides, beds that dump, deck over types and tilt top types. Other utility trailers are larger and can be pulled behind pick-up trucks, some trailers are large enough they must be pulled behind large trucks.

Many utility trailers are used by landscapers or lawn maintenance crews. These trailers have ramps at the rear that flip down or ramps that hook to the edge of the trailer frame for loading equipment and tools. Many large utility trailers have this same type design to load large heavy equipment.

Utility trailers that have one single axle are used for the smaller trailers, towed behind lawn tractors or AVT’s. The trailer with 2-axles have 4-tires, some dual axle trailers have 8-tires and can haul heavier loads. Some trailers come with 3-axles and with a enclosed box unit .

Utility trailers used on the highway should have lights, small trailers do not have a braking system, all larger trailers must have working lights and a working braking system to be used on the highway.

All trailers are towed by vehicles, some use a ball type hitch, some use a penal hitch type, other larger trailers use a 5ht wheel type hitch, farm style trailers use a pin type hitch.

There are many types and different styles of trailers depending on the use or your need for a utility trailer, what type would best work in your job project.

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What is an Asphalt Roller

What is an asphalt roller?asphalt roller

The early roller used for asphalt was a hand roller operated by men, the horse drawn roller was also used to compact and roll the asphalt, and they were a single drum unit.

When the steam roller was introduced, many had three drums, two at the rear that drove or moved the roller and one smaller drum in the front that was used to steer the roller.

With the development of gas and diesel powered rollers, the steam rollers were used less because you would not have to take the long time it took to heat the water in the boiler to make steam to operate the roller.

Next came the hydraulic drive rollers with all hydraulic systems, today most all model asphalt rollers are self-propelled, all have steel drums, generally one of the drums is used to drive the roller.

The asphalt roller generally used for asphalt compaction is a smooth two drum or double drum vibrating roller, this compaction seals the asphalt or blacktop after the final finish layer of asphalt has been laid.

When additional compaction is needed the vibrating roller drums are used for a better compacting force.

Asphalt double drum finish rollers can be used as a static roller or vibrating roller, depends on the asphalt thickness and how warm the material at the time of compaction.

Asphalt rollers are all equipped with on-board water tanks for water lubrication of the steel drums surface, this is done with a sprinkler system and it prevents hot asphalt from sticking to the roller drums.

The asphalt roller is made in many sizes from the small self-propelled walk behind, to small ride on units to hand rollers all used to compact and finish asphalt after it is placed on the work area surface.

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What is a Plate Tamper

plate tamperWhat is a plate tamper?

A plate tamper or compactor or vibrating tamper is made with a steel plate on the bottom, the size can vary from 20” X 14” to a larger size 30” X 18” the gas engine sets on a platform in the center of the tamper with a metal handle attached to the base, the tamper can weigh 150lb. to 300 or 500 lb. depending on the project requirements.

A plate tamper has a reciprocating vibrating action made by an offset counter weight built within the tamper frame.

A plate tamper moves generally in one forward direction and is turned around when moving in the opposite direction.

A plate tamper designed with a reversible direction can compact forward or reverse and is ideal for larger construction fills or trench backfill.

The plate tamper that is designed for smaller jobs like backfilling a utility trench or backfilling a retaining wall or backfill any area that is tight for space and will not require a lot a compaction, a lighter tamper is the right tool.

The hand held plate tamper generally has a handle that is mounted to the tamper main frame with rubber mounted shocks; this absorbs the vibration from the tamper and gives the operator less fatigue when operating the tamper.

The main frame and the plate of the tamper are often mounted with rubber; this also absorbs some of the vibration shock when operating.

Plate tampers are basically used to compact soil, sand and gravel. But they are available for compaction of asphalt and are used by most paving contractors, to work in smaller areas where the larger ride on roller cannot operate.

The hand operated dirt plate tamper is used in areas where large ride on rollers cannot work and are found on most building construction sites.

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What is an Asphalt Paver

What is an asphalt paver?asphalt paver

Asphalt as we know it today is produced by mixing aggregates [sand and stone] and bitumen, a petroleum base product and heat forming a hot mix.

When the asphalt mixture was developed around the 1920’s, it was used mainly for road surfaces; today asphalt is used in all sorts of construction projects.

The asphalt mixture was first dumped on the roadway surface; there was no paving machine to spread the material, so all the asphalt was graded and leveled by workers with rakes, all spreading was done by hand.

The first asphalt paver was invented around 1935, they were mounted on steel rails or steel forms, the material was mixed and spread on the road as the machine was pulled forward.

Later the asphalt paver was mounted on tracks and floating screed was developed, this was a leveling arm in the back of the paver that leveled high spots as the paver was pulled forward and the asphalt surface was laid.

By the late 1940’s and early 1950’s the self-propelled asphalt paver was being used on large road paving jobs, the floating screed has remained in use with many improvements.

As improvements to the asphalt paver were developed, one was the hydraulic widening screeds, this ended the need for the operator to manually move the widener, and the operator could now change the width of the asphalt surface, with hydraulic controls as the paver moved forward.

Asphalt pavers are constructed almost all of steel, the largest part is the steel hopper, at the front of the machine, where a dump truck dumps hot mix asphalt into the hopper, augers and a conveyor system move the material to the back of the paver where it is placed on the roadway and leveled with the heated screed that also compacts the asphalt as the paver moves forward.

New asphalt pavers have their own power unit or motor and hydraulic system. Some pavers are mounted on tracks this helps the paver when increased traction is needed when placing asphalt on the prepared surface. Many pavers are mounted on rubber tires, they are used generally when paving on a hard surface and the machine will be moving at a faster pace when paving. The pull-type paver works on the same principle but needs to be pulled forward as it spreads the asphalt material.


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What is a Road Grader

What is a road grader?

road grader

Early road graders were horse drawn, sometimes with a team of 4-horses, and with a 2-men team to operate the grader, one to drive the team and the other to operate the grader. These early graders date back to the mid to late 1800’s and most were used to maintain city streets and county roads. This would allow the horse drawn wagons with freight and supplies passage with fewer pot holes or ruts.

The horse drawn road grader was improved upon and built larger as the steam traction tractors were introduced in the early 1900’s. They began to replace the horse drawn teams when pulling the road graders, some pull-type graders were pulled with crawler tractors after they were introduced into service.

The development of the self-propelled road grader began to replace the need for a pull-type grader, [from around 1920 to 1930 Gallion Iron Works Co. developed one of the first self-propelled, hydraulic operated road graders] these graders had their own power and hydraulic systems to operate the blade while others developed the gear type controls to operate the blade.

The road grader also known as grader—motor grader is most commonly referred to as a road grader.

All new graders today are hydraulic operated with a motor, they are driven with 4-rear rubber tires and two steering front tires. Most graders are rear wheel [4] drive; some are all wheel [6] drive.

The grader blade is between the front tires and the rear tires. This allows the machine a longer leveling plane; this keeps the blade level to create a flat finish grade as the machine moves forward.

The engine and operators cab generally at the rear of the grader; this allows the operator a clear vision of the work area.

Most cabs are equipped with large front windshields—large cab exit doors— a/c and heat—am/fm radio—hydraulic steering—easy operating hydraulic controls.

The road grader blade can rotate under the grader from right to left and the end of the blade can move up and down. Many graders are equipped with front mounted rippers for losing hard surface soils before the blade can grade and level the work area.

Road graders are used generally to finish grade or fine grade the surface for road base to prepare for asphalt—building sites—street base—gravel roads—dirt roads—ditching or any other surface as needed to prepare for final fine grading or finish grading.

Today many road graders are equipped with a GPS system; this allows the operator to “precision grade control” grade to a precise level on many work projects.

There are many types of road graders and there are many uses for a road grader. The pull-type grader is available and can still be used for smaller jobs around the farm or driveway grading and can be pulled behind an ATV—farm tractor—utility tractor depending on the size of the grader unit.

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How to Grade a Gravel Driveway

How to grade a gravel drivewaygrade a gravel drive3

Most gravel driveways get pot holes, low spots, wash areas they happen because of use, weather, the freezing and thawing, the rains, all are factors, once a small indention or low spot starts, it gets larger as traffic drives over that area.

Here are some tips, if you have a small utility tractor, farm tractor or AVT maybe a York rake will allow you to level and grade you drive.

A York rake also known as a landscape rake, is generally a 3 pt. hitch, some tow behind rakes are available, the rake has fingers like teeth that are shaped like a mold board.

For best results use a York rake with a set of wheels on the back side of the rake [ behind the teeth ] this will allow adjustment of the rake, this keeps the teeth from digging into the ground to deep when grading.

Most York rake blades or mold boards will turn, if you are grading on the right side of the drive turn the left corner of the rake away from the tractor, maybe 45*degrees, what you need to do is wind row some top material from the drive into the center of the drive.

Keep the York rake adjustment so it just touches the surface, if too deep you will dig up all the large material, you want the finer material on top to wind row into the center.

Do the same on the other side of the drive, you may need to repeat this cycle many times for best results move the material to about the wheel track or just past on the other side of the drive, then row it back, very lightly touching the surface.

This generally places or drops the finer material into the low spots and holes in your drive.

Remember do not row material too far off the drive, it will be much harder to rake back on the drive, also you may York rake some unwanted coarse material and weeds or other debris that is not good material for the top of your drive, from this out side drive area.

This article talks about the York rake and a power unit to work the rake. If you do not have a yoke rake this will sometimes work , use your riding lawn mower and pull an old set of bed springs or plank float to level your drive, don’t laugh this is an option, it may or may not help to level the drive.


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How to Operate a Wheel Barrow

How to operate a wheel barrowwheel barrow

All wheel barrows have two handles to raise or lower a load, undercarriage legs that attach to the handles and set on the ground, a wheel and axle in front, a tub fastened to the handles.

A metal plate attaches the two handles together at the end handle past the wheel, this plate meets the ground and also stabilizes the wheel barrow when the operator dumps the load of material.

A wheel barrow is generally a 6 cubic feet size, and is a hand or manually operated unit with one wheel in front, the handles are generally 60” long, the tub or tray may have a reinforced edge for support when dumping the load of material.

To operate this barrow the load should be placed near the front wheel or over the front wheel, this will take some of the weight away from the operator, if the load is to heavy on the front it may cause an unbalance or unstable condition and the operator may not be able to operator safely, some of the load be need to be shafted back toward the rear of the wheel barrow to equal the load.

The operator should pick up the loaded wheel barrow by the handles, in an easy upward motion, keeping the arms straight down from the shoulders, using the legs to push the wheel barrow, the operator should lean forward slightly, this helps start the motion of the wheel barrow moving forward. The operator must use the forward “lean” and legs to push the load forward.

The wheel barrow undercarriage legs keep the barrow level and allow the operator to load the wheel barrow, the material should be loaded evenly this will assure no accidentally spillage.

The operator should be aware if the front tire becomes soft or low on air, the wheel barrow will not operate efficiently and become unstable or unbalanced.

The operator using the wheel barrow on a site where a plank is used, safety is most important. The plank should always be the correct size to carrier the load in the wheel barrow that is on the plank and the weight of the operator.

If the operator is working in soft conditions half loads would be easier to handle when wheeling and when dumping material.

When using the wheel barrow it is designed to dump over the end of the barrow by placing the front steel plate on the ground this will help keep the barrow stable when unloading.

The wheel barrow with two front wheels will operate in much the same way as a one wheel barrow, it will have stability, smooth rolling, accidentally spillage maybe lessened, and great when working on level conditions.

Never operate a wheel barrow without safe and proper foot ware.


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How to build a rock landscape wall

How to build a rock landscape wallrock landscape wall

First a few tips, where is the wall going to be located, is the site able to support a rock wall, you will need to get a plan before you begin.

Plan out:   what base is needed—what rock is to be used—how high will the wall be—how wide will the wall be—how long will the wall be—how many rocks do you need—will the wall be dry stacked.

The base needs to be level, some rock wall bases have a concrete footer, generally most have a dirt sub base, the base must support the weight of the rocks as there are placed to build the wall.

Where will you get the rocks, field rocks, bought from garden supply store, bought from a quarry, this must be decided, the rocks should be thin or flat to dry stack, thin could mean 3” to 5” thick, round, and remember the rock size shape will help when you stack them, you cannot hand stack a 200 lb rock so keep in mind what rocks sizes you can hand stack.

Round rocks will be more difficult to stack unless you stack a triangle type wall, this would be 3 rocks on the bottom row, then 2 rocks on the next row then 1 rock on the top row.

If you are using flat rocks for the wall you will need to start with a level row on the bottom, depending on the size of the rock maybe 2 or 3 rock wide, maybe a total height of 18”, remember you are dry stacking, this means you are not using concrete to place the rocks in and letting them harden.

You will need to have on hand many rocks, more than you need because you will need to sort them and find the ones that stack together, some will not have the correct shape and will not fit in the wall, so order or get extra rock before you start building the wall.

We have talked about 2 types of rocks, 2 walls, round rock and flat rocks, there are other types of landscape walls, other footers, other ways to place the rock and remember in the northern states the freezing and the thawing is a concern when building a wall, in the southern states the heat is a concern, so check out the area you live in for the best rocks and way to build your wall.


For more information go to www excavating

What is a Trench

What is a trench?

A trench is generally a ditch or a narrow gully or depression in the ground with vertical sides.

A trench is normally defined as being a narrow long generally deeper than wide gully or ditch.

A natural trench, ditch can be found along rivers, streams where water has caused the erosion of the soils as the water flowed over and often out of the banks, than rescinded forming a trench.

Farm fields and backyards often have trenches formed during hard rains and caused by erosion of the land as the water drains off the fields and yards.

Trenches are used for underground utilities such as gas mains—sewer mains—water mains—phone and other buried utilities.

Trench irrigation has been used for many years to allow water to flow to fields for irrigation of watering crops—cattle—orchards and other crops that need watering.

Trench shoring is a practice of holding the trench walls up using a trench box type shoring, this allows workers to install piping or other in ground utilities without the walls collapsing on the workers inside the trench.

Trench equipment could be excavators or trackhoes, trenchers and other equipment and tools used to prepare trenches for many uses.

Trench work started many years ago when man would dig a trench for water to flow to irrigate his crops.

Trenches dug in the beginning was generally backbreaking and very difficult digging because everything was dug with a hand shovel or shovel like tool.

For more info go to excavating

What is a Gravel Driveway ?

What is a gravel driveway ?

Gravel is a French word meaning coarse sand.

Gravel is a natural deposited Material native not to all areas of the U.S.

Gravel is not “ topsoil—fill dirt sub soil—washed stone—crushed stone or clay soil “.

Large gravel deposits where formed as a result of weathering and erosion and the great ice age glacier where natural deposits were formed.

These deposits are commonly known bank gravel, sometimes called, bank run gravel, is found with stones, clay, sand and silt that is what is dug up from the bank.

Driveway gravel is generally a gravel of a finer material, sized finer with a sand mixture or a silt gravel mixture found naturally as bank gravel.

Another good gravel for driveways is a processed or screened gravel, this gravel is screened and sized  removing all large oversize material, making a finer product, this product is often used for D.O.T. projects and other construction projects.

If properly constructed and maintained a gravel driveway is an all weather driveway.

Gravel driveways generally are quite inexpensive to build compared to an asphalt driveway.

Gravel driveways are constructed by removing the topsoil and subsoil down to the firm layer of ground, then gravel is placed in layers and compacted to proper thickness generally 12”, this is a good driveway gravel base, generally this base can handle heavy traffic even during construction times if properly installed.

Proper grading and drainage are important for the long life of a gravel driveway.

A gravel driveway is also a very eco and green environmental friendly way to place a drive in a wooded area or other county settings.

Gravel driveways are great for the average home, gravel driveways can also be used as a heavy commercial traffic drive and have a long life with proper maintenance.


For more information go to www.excavating


What is a construction project survey ?

Contractors use an engineer project survey plan when working on a construction project. Projects nust have a layout by a surveyor to plot the project construction begins when space is limited and a property boundary needs to be located before the start of the boulding project at the proper location.

Project survey will locate existing underground utilities services—gas lines—electric lines—sewer lines—water lines—storm drainage lines—before construction begins.

A project survey will locate existing property lines and any property right of way, this is needed when the engineer and contractor plot the new project.

Project surveys are helpful when design of a new project is being engienered as road design—utility design—land development—mall layouts—boundary survey—topographic survey—lighting design—irrigation—wet land design—traffic design and design build survey.

Landscape contractor use a project survey to layout and install drainage lines—driveways—rock walls—sidewalks—backyard waterfalls—stone design—swimming pools and landscape projects.

Modern technology is often used when preparing a new excavating construction site plan with 3D- site modeling, a computer generated software package designed for the excavating and construction field, which is an over view of any construction project.

Do-it-yourselfers can use a project survey layout design for home projects and maintenance project. the tools you will need can generally be rented from a local rental company or purchase from a local dealer.

How to estimate cubic yards.

First what is a cubic yard ? **** Think of a solid box 3 ft. wide by 3 ft. high and 3 ft. long, that is one [ 1 ] cubic yard. ****

When would you need to know this ?  **** If you wanted to order mulch for your garden area, how much would you need, the nursery where you get the mulch is not at your garden, they can only guess how much you need by what you tell them when ordering the mulch, but if you know how to find cubic yards you could estimate the amount you need , then order the correct amount, not ordering more material than you need. ****

Things needed to find cubic yards :

Note pad & pen—-ruler or tape measure—-calculator—-maybe a laser if available.

** Tip 1 —-example

Measure the LENGTH of the area to be covered by the mulch, 32′ ft. long.

Measure the WIDTH of the area to be covered with mulch, 12′ ft. wide.

Measure the DEPTH or how deep the mulch will be when the area is covered, 1ft. deep.

Now multiply the LENGHT  32′ X the WIDTH 12′ X the DEPTH 1ft. == 384 sq. ft.

Note: There are 27 sq. ft. in one [1] cubic yard.  ****Now divide 27 sq. ft. into 384 sq. ft.==answer: 14.3 cubic yards, this is the amount of mulch needed to cover the measured area. ****

** TIP # 2 —-example

[ IF Measuring a larger Area ]

Measure the LENGHT of the area to be covered by the mulch, 68’ft. .

Measure the WIDTH of the area to be covered by mulch, 53’ft. .

Measure how DEEP the mulch will be when the area is covered, 6″ inches deep .

Now multiply the LENGHT 68’ft. x the WIDTH 53ft. X the DEPTH 6″ inches .

**REMEMBER all measures must be in the same units,  feet or inches, above example 68 ft. X53 ft. X [ 6″ ] the 6″ inches must be in feet to get the correct answer, here is one way to get the correct answer.

Multiply 68’ft. x 53′ ft. X [ 1′ ft.] converted 6 ” inches deep to [feet]***Now 133.5 sq. ft. is divided by 27==answer: 133.5 cubic yards is the answer  for mulch 1 foot deep, divide this number by 2 [two] that will give you the 6″ deep amount of mulch needed to cover the area above, answer is 66.7 cubic yards needed to cover the area.

** Note: Remember 27 sq. ft. ==[ 1 ] one cubic yard, and all measures must be in the same units, feet or inches.


For more information go to www excavating

What is gravel ?

Gravel is a French word meaning coarse sand.

The United States is one of the largest produces of gravel in the world.

The United States uses all the gravel products that are produced here in the U.S.

Large gravel deposits where formed as a result of weathering and erosion and the great ice age glacier where natural gravel deposits were formed.

There are many types of gravel :

* Bank gravel or bank run gravel, they are the same, this is most commonly known when you ask what is gravel, this gravel is found with stones—clay—sand—silt mixed in the gravel when you dig it from a bank or gravel pit deposit.

* Creek gravel is found along creek beds or areas where a large creek has deposited large amounts of gravel after the stream has flowed there for many years and the land along the stream is a natural gravely soil.

* River gravel is found in or near large rivers, the natural deposits are formed the same as creek gravel, the stones are generally smoothed and rounded because of the water moving the material as the water flows along in the stream, also the land along the river must have some natural gravely soils.

* Fine gravel deposits are found—in gravel pits—stream beds—river beds, a layer of material which has no large stones or rock mixed in, mostly all fine material.

* Crushed gravel is a gravel with mechanically broken [ crushed ] rock mixed into the natural gravel material, generally a crushed and screened type product.

* Pea gravel is a gravel [ generally a washed stone known as pea stone ] with rounded stones generally the size of a pea, this is not a natural deposit type gravel, it is a man made product.

* Washed gravel is generally a mixture of sized washed stone, not a natural deposit, a man made product.

* Piedmont gravel is a coarse gravel mixed with fines and rock that is washed down from mountain streams and deposited naturally on the flat run off ground where the stream waters slow, allowing the material to drop off as the water slows.

* Driveway gravel is a gravel generally of a finer mixed type material, sized smaller with a natural mix of sand and finer silt type gravel, sometimes it is a processed or screen type gravel tis is a man made type material.

* Processed or screened gravel that has been sized taking all large material out, sometimes the fines are removed, not a natural deposited material.


For more information go to www excavating

What is Grading of Land ?

Grading of land means to cut dirt from a high spot and fill in a low spot, when grading and leveling, dirt is removed from high points and placed in low places making a level area, this type of grading is known by excavating contractors as a ” cut and fill” type grading.

Grading of land is also known as land leveling in some areas, leveling and grading large fields for farm use will allow water to flow for irrigation use in large fields and planted crop land.

Grading of land for open drainage ditching, with proper grading and slope an open ditch type drainage could be placed in some areas to allow open ditch type drainage of wet areas or allow water to flow into a field for irrigation of crops.

Grading is used by construction contractors to level soil or material for the base use of buildings, roadways, parking lots base, sub grade base and landscape contractors along with other uses not mentioned.

Grading of land is used for leveling areas before planting cover crops as seen along highways slopes, ditch areas and shoulders of roadways, this grading and leveling is important to prepare the base before seeding a cover crop planting to control erosion.

Grading when done correctly can be ” eco or green” friendly for landscape grading to control erosion and grading is important when installing silt fence on construction projects also a erosion control.

Grading and land leveling contractors have special equipment designed for this type of grading, a laser system is placed on the grading equipment such as a dozer or grader and grade boxes for land leveling are pulled by large four wheel drive tractors.

Grading work is used by excavating contractors when specified grades are needed, tools are designed to help get this work done, GPS systems are important when leveling large projects such as fields or construction sites.


For more information go to www excavating

Construction and Excavation

Excavator – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Excavators are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom, stick, bucket
…. Hydraulic excavator capabilities have expanded far beyond excavation tasks …

Dynacor Gold: Veta Dorada 300 tpd Plant Construction in Chala is 52% Completed
MarketWatch, on Thu, 29 Oct 2015 04:10:08 -0700
Delivery dates for the critical long lead items have been respected by our suppliers and 18 containers with all the heavy equipment were delivered on site in Chala by mid-October. There are at present more than 150 workers and professionals on site.

Extreme Machines Earth Movers Pictures – Giant Shovel …
From mining the oil sands of Alberta to boring under the English Channel, some of the most extreme machines made by man are devoted to digging. We take a look at six of the biggest monsters of earth moving.

Surface and Underground Excavations, 2nd Edition: Methods, Techniques and …
Ratan Raj Tatiya, published 2013, 904 pages


The Erosion Project – YouTube
Oct 5, 2010 My sko0ll haznt evin teechdd mee spelen sso 4gett ErOsIoN?!.,'”} … EmRiver
Introduction: erosion and deposition in a self-forming model river …

Implementation of anti-erosion projects sought
Assam Tribune, on Tue, 13 Oct 2015 11:07:29 -0700
MIRZA, Oct 13 – A social organisation, South Kamrup Erosion Pratirodh Sangram Samittee (SKEPSS), asked the Assam Water Resources Department to expedite works of the ongoing anti-erosion projects currently being implemented at Makdhuj-Simina …


Beach Erosion Projects (Title I-H.R. 9859): Hearings Before the Subcommittee …
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Public Works, published 1954, 150 pages

Sewage Systems

sewerage system |
Oct 14, 2015 Sewerage system, network of pipes, pumps, and force mains for the collection of
wastewater, or sewage, from a community. Modern sewerage …

BP settlement money spurs talk of St. Pete’s sewage system woes, on Tue, 27 Oct 2015 10:48:45 -0700
The wastewater collection and disposal system came into the spotlight after weeks of unusually heavy rain overwhelmed it in July, forcing the city to discharge about 31 million gallons of contaminated wastewater into Clam Bayou, which abuts Boca Ciega

Montreal’s raw sewage dump justified: water treatment experts
Five of Canada’s most prominent waste water treatment experts say the city of Montreal is right to release several days’ worth of raw sewage into the St. Lawrence River while necessary repairs are carried out on a crucial …

Marion Sewage System: Environmental Impact Statement
unknown, published 1974, 0 pages

Excavation News


Trash facility septic system bid approved
Jackson Hole News&Guide, on Tue, 13 Oct 2015 03:30:00 -0700
A new septic system for the trash transfer station will ideally be installed before mid-November, though “large amounts” of buried waste stand in the way. “Between the time that the septic bid advertisement was issued … and today, large amounts of

09/21/2015: EPA Encourages Homeowners and …
WASHINGTON — The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency will hold its third annual SepticSmart Week on Sept. 21-25 to encourage homeowners and communities to care for and maintain their septic systems. Nearly 21.5 …

The Septic System Owner’s Manual
Lloyd Kahn, Peter Aschwanden, John Hulls, published 2006, 179 pages

Septic Systems


how-septic-tanks-risers-can-be-used-for-safety-measuresHow septic tanks risers can be used for safety measures
from lavernehartman135, ago in
Septic tank risers feature ledges or inner supports to guide inner plastic protection covers. The ledges may assist the plastic interior safety tops or possibly a number of interior safety products produced by others,

Ocala, water district project targets nitrates from septic tanks
Ocala, on Wed, 30 Sep 2015 15:19:27 -0700
Studies have shown that 40 percent of nitrate contamination in Silver Springs is from septic tanks in Marion County. The 850 in Ocala that will be removed represent a small fraction of the tens of thousands of the County’s total septic tanks, said
, published , pages

Excavation and Driveways

Watch This Before You Build A Concrete Driveway – Design – YouTube
Jun 30, 2013 … You Build A Concrete Driveway – Design And Construction Tips …. I want to
pour in small sections that are the width of the driveway buy only …

total-storm-sheltersTotal Storm Shelters-When Quality Matters
from rishigeradalbert, ago in
Total Storm Shelters are committed to providing our customers the best service and deliver of our buildings on time, every time.The aim of building a storm shelter is making a safe room for the people at the time of heavy storm.

Office Driveway Under Construction | St. Peter’s Episcopal …
Office Driveway Under Construction. OFFICE DRIVEWAY: The office driveway will be resurfaced soon. If you need to come to the office and the driveway and walkways are inaccessible, you can enter the office via Daniel Hall. Enter through …

I-70N Construction from Ingleside Ave to Baltimore St and Ellicott Driveway …
unknown, published 1972, 0 pages

Environment and Construction Materials


envirnomentally-friendly-products-home-interlocking-concrete-deck-pavers-driveway-pavers-and-pathway-paversEnvirnomentally Friendly Products Home: Interlocking Concrete Deck Pavers, Driveway Pavers and Pathway Pavers
from greenmaterials05, ago in

Driveway Paving Materials – Landscape Design Advice
Find out about different driveway paving materials, costs, pros and cons and how to save money.

Building Your Own Home For Dummies
Kevin Daum, Janice Brewster, Peter Economy, published 2011, 384 pages

Road Projects

MDOT – Road & Bridge Projects – State of Michigan
M-53 (Van Dyke Road) construction in Macomb County in Metro Detroit. Major
road construction projects can last several months or longer, and may involve …

from ravigupta9066, ago in

Damaged Bridge Leaves People Stranded |
There are no other roads leading out of their community. “This is a very, very big inconvenience … Tree Kills Bushkill Man on Way to Work · News … Businesses, Workers Concerned Over Road Closures. Mobile Apps; Android …

Manual of road construction and maintenance, compiled at the School of …
E. M. Paul, Chatham (Kent, England) School of Military Engineering, published 1908, 164 pages

National Road Closure

National Traffic and Road Closure Information | Federal Highway …
Links to the respective pages in all U.S. states’ department of transportation

risks-of-highway-workers-in-construction-zonesRisks of highway workers in construction zones
from sheldonminkow, ago in
Working in a hie., construction zone can be an extremely dangerous job. Employees often have been hurt or killed working on highway repairs. While the risks cannot be eliminated, they can be reduced with proper education and safety measures. For more info, visit –

Summer highway construction snags west metro commutes …
Major construction projects are underway along Interstates 494 and 394 and Highway 100.

Highway Construction …: Instruction Paper
Austin Thomas Byrne, published 1906, 0 pages

News – Township Equipment Investment


excavating-contractor-albion-park-53762176Knowledgeable Excavating Contractor in Albion Park
from wcexcavation, ago in – Wollongong City Excavation has been providing the most knowledgeable excavating contractor in Albion Park to its clients at competitive rates.

Mayor unveils township’s new excavating equipment | Essex …
The township’s new excavator was unveiled, along with new excavating equipment, in front of the township’s municipal building on Monday, Aug. 31. This investment in excavating equipment now allows the township to …

How to operate excavation equipment
Herbert Lownds Nichols, published 1954, 150 pages

Excavation and Equipment

Excavation & Trenching – Heavy Equipment
The equipment in this category includes machines that are used in digging
excavations and in trenching operations. While any operation that involves
digging …

digga-40347694Get Auger Bit And Earth Augers In England
from stellamarker7, ago in
From the day one, DIGGA has engaged itself as a prominent manufacturers and suppliers of auger bit and earth augers in England. Dispatched after rigorous quality check, we supply these products in European market. Our well-distributed logistic network is assisting us in the same.

Excavation obstacles: Watch your back when working …
Equipment World Magazine – Construction Equipment, News and Information. … Excavation obstacles: Watch your back when working around digging equipment. Amy Materson. | May 18, 2015 |. The accident: A backhoe operator was moving …

Utilization of Engineer Construction Equipment
unknown, published 1968, 0 pages


digger-addition-adaptable-tools-at-make-excavating-easyDigger addition – adaptable Tools at Make excavating Easy
from billowywarehous60, ago in
These supplies are very small therefore , they have the ability to get inside of and around tight sp.


Earth and rock excavation: a practical treatise
Charles Prelini, published 1905, 357 pages


Cat | Products | Caterpillar
The Cat equipment product line, consisting of more than 300 machines, sets the
standard for our industry. We plan to help you meet your needs with our …

private-treaty-sweden-handouta404758-53577163Private treaty sweden handout_a4_04758
from PhillipAWeston, ago in
Caterpillar Mining Equipment. Private Treaty Event

Caterpillar: Leaner Tonkas Make Stronger Machines
Seeking Alpha, on Wed, 28 Oct 2015 23:45:00 -0700
Caterpillar currently faces many strong headwinds such as the strength of the US dollar, a global economic slowdown in construction along with the severe decline in mining activity. The company is focusing on a leaner model and is expecting to lay off


The Caterpillar Century
Eric C. Orlemann, published 2007, 384 pages

Ford Excavator

Ford Construction Equipment – Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki …
The Ford Motor Company was founded in XXXX in the city of zzzz in wwww, by
yyyy and sons. … Ford P-44 – wheeled excavator; Ford P-45 – wheeled excavator.

demolition-equipmenttechnique-availableDemolition Equipment/Technique Available
from lucky1306s, ago in
Demolition Technique Available in the world at present.
, on

Excavator falls over at site of Ford Auditorium demolition …
A mishap occurred during the demolition of the Ford Auditorium (former home of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra). wikimedia commons. A large excavator fell over during the demolition of the Ford Auditorium in Detroit.

unknown, published 1972, 0 pages


Excavator – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Excavators are heavy construction equipment consisting of a boom, stick, bucket
and cab on a rotating platform known as the “house”. The house sits atop an …

global-mini-excavator-market-20152019-industry-analysisGlobal Mini Excavator Market 2015-2019 – Industry Analysis
from technavio, ago in
Mini excavators are generally used in construction sites that have confined spaces. These excavators are useful in the execution of urban infrastructure development projects like the development of new cities and the construction of buildings. Increasing investment in the residential construction segment followed by transport infrastructure development will augment the prospects for growth in this market, resulting in its steady market growth rate of close to 9% during the forecast period.

Excavator Market in China 2015-2019
MarketWatch, on Tue, 03 Nov 2015 12:48:45 -0800
Excavators are used for demolition, lifting of heavy objects, and for digging purposes. There are two types of excavators: wheeled or crawler excavators and mini/compact excavators. Wheeled excavators are used for large construction projects, whereas

VIDEO: Excavator operator’s tricks aren’t nearly as cool as …
The depressing thing about this is that there are so many of these types of videos floating around YouTube and Facebook, uploaded by guys who must genuinely think they’re the first person to lift an excavator’s tracks off the …

Construction Equipment Management for Engineers, Estimators, and Owners
Douglas D. Gransberg, Calin M. Popescu, Richard Ryan, published 2006, 568 pages

Backhoe Market


backhoe-rental-corpus-christi-361-852-2200Backhoe Rental Corpus Christi (361) 852-2200 Dozer HOLT CAT Corpus Christi
from HTCCorpus, ago in
HOLT CAT Corpus Christi sells the entire line of Backhoe. Call HOLT CAT Corpus Christi at (361) 852-2200 or visit the HOLT CAT Corpus Christi Backhoe web page to see the entire line of Backhoe. Dozer, Dozer Corpus Christi, Backhoe, Backhoe Corpus Christi, Cat Dozer, Cat Dozer Corpus Christi, Caterpillar Backhoe, Caterpillar Backhoe Corpus Christi, Dozer Corpus Christi TX, Backhoe Corpus Christi TX, Cat Backhoe Corpus Christi TX, Cat Backhoe Corpus Christi TX

Backhoe Loader Market in North America 2015-2019
PR Newswire (press release), on Tue, 27 Oct 2015 18:30:00 -0700
A backhoe loader, also known as digger in layman’s terms, is earthmoving equipment that comprises a tractor fitted with a shovel in front and a backhoe at the back. Backhoe loaders are relatively small and are used in large, medium, and small-scale …

Department of Transportation backhoe stolen from work site …
TECUMSEH, Okla. – Officials with the Oklahoma Department of Transportation are asking for the public’s help in finding a backhoe that was allegedly stolen from a work site last month. Authorities say the backhoe was stolen …
, published , pages


Bulldozer – definition of bulldozer by The Free Dictionary
A heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having
continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front. 2. An overbearing …

from analjoshi, ago in
ppt about bulldozer

Bulldozer Market in Spain 2015-2019
PR Newswire (press release), on Wed, 04 Nov 2015 12:26:15 -0800
In this report, Technavio covers the present and future market scenarios of the bulldozers market in Spain for the period 2015-2019. To calculate the market size, we have considered the consumption value of bulldozers in Spain. The performance of the …

La’el Collins looks like a human bulldozer as he flattens two …
La’el Collins looks like a human bulldozer as he flattens two Seahawks on one play. By Mark Sandritter @MarkSandritter on Nov 1, 2015, 5:49p 7 · Tweet Share on Twitter (674) Share Share on Facebook Pin Pinterest 7 Comments.

The Bulldozer in the Countryside: Suburban Sprawl and the Rise of American …
Adam Rome, published 2001, 299 pages

Gradall Maintenance Machines


forklift-rental-san-diegoForklift Rental San Diego
from ConstructionEquipmentRentalLosAngelesCA, ago in
With forklifts being extremely expensive to purchase, most companies decide to rent it. Browse this site for more information on forklift rental San Diego. This is not a difficult task, as there are contractors ready to lease them at a reasonable rate. Therefore opt for the best forklift rental San Diego and enjoy its benefits company.Follow us :

Gradall Rail Maintenance Machines Available With Neotec Rail Gear (press release) (registration) (blog), on Tue, 27 Oct 2015 09:18:45 -0700
Gradall Industries Inc. announced that Gradall Railway Maintenance Machines are now available with Neotec rail gears with hydrostatic drive. Neotec rail gear systems feature hydrostatic drive axles on the front and rear of the carrier. When the machine


A Study to Reduce Inventory at the Gradall Company
William A. English, Malone College. Management Program, published 1987, 100 pages

Gradall Excavators

Gradall Excavators | Hydraulic Excavators | Highway Wheel …
Makes hydraulic excavators, rough terrain material handlers, based on
telescoping booms. Very useful in low height clearance job sites where knuckle
booms …

komatsu-pw201-pw301-wheeled-excavator-service-repair-workshop-manual-download-16005436Komatsu PW20-1 PW30-1 Wheeled Excavator Service Repair Workshop Manual DOWNLOAD
from ehshdbnsdbfnsnd, ago in
Models Covers: PW20-1 Serial 1001 and up PW30-1 Serial 1001 and up Original Factory Komatsu PW20-1 PW30-1 Wheeled Excavator Service Repair Manual is a Complete Informational Book. This Service Manual has easy-to-read text sections with top quality diagrams and instructions. Trust Komatsu PW20-1 PW30-1 Wheeled Excavator Service Repair Manual will give you everything you need to do the job. Save time and money by doing it yourself, with the confidence only a Komatsu PW20-1 PW30-1 Wheeled Excavator Service Repair Manual can provide. Service Repair Manual Covers: Engine Power Train Steering System Hydraulic System Work Equipment Electric and Electronic System File Format: PDF Compatible: All Versions of Windows & Mac Language: English Requirements: Adobe PDF Reader It’s important to buy the right repair manual for your Komatsu PW20-1 PW30-1 Wheeled Excavator. It is great to have, will save you a lot and know more about your Komatsu PW20-1 PW30-1 Wheeled Excavator, in the long run. All pages are printable. Thanks for visiting!

Innovative earthmoving machines now coming to market
World Highways, on Wed, 14 Oct 2015 09:30:00 -0700
Caterpillar is one of the firms now offering new generation excavators for both emerging and European markets. The 336D2 GC hydraulic excavator has an operating weight of 32.9tonnes and is designed to deliver high production in difficult applications.


World Highways
unknown, published 2005, 0 pages

Hydraulic Excavators

Excavator – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Modern, hydraulic excavators come in a wide variety of sizes. The smaller ones
are called mini or compact excavators. For example, Caterpillar’s smallest …

komatsu-pc20008-hydraulic-excavator-service-repair-workshop-manual-download-sn-20001-and-up-15973511Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator Service Repair Workshop Manual DOWNLOAD (SN: 20001 and up)
from eushdfnsnfbsdnsf, ago in
Include: Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator Shop Manual Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator Operation and Maintenance Manual Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator Field Assembly Manual Original Factory Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator Service Repair Manual is a Complete Informational Book. This Service Manual has easy-to-read text sections with top quality diagrams and instructions. Trust Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator Service Repair Manual will give you everything you need to do the job. Save time and money by doing it yourself, with the confidence only a Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator Service Repair Manual can provide. Models and Serial Numbers: Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator — 20001 and up Shop Manual Covers: Index and foreword Specification Structure, function and maintenance standard Standard value table Testing and adjusting Troubleshooting Disassembly and assembly Diagrams and drawings Operation and Maintenance Manual Covers: Safety Operation Maintenance Specifications Attachments and Options Loading Shovel Index Field Assembly Manual Covers: Specifications Precautions for field assembly Assembly procedure, assembly equipment and schedule Flowchart of main assembly procedure Kit layout diagram Transportation postures List of parts sent individually Tools and equipment to be used for local assembly Tightening torque Coating materials list File Format: PDF Compatible: All Versions of Windows & Mac Language: English Requirements: Adobe PDF Reader & WinZip Its important to buy the right repair manual for your Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator. It is great to have, will save you a lot and know more about your Komatsu PC2000-8 Hydraulic Excavator, in the long run. All pages are printable. Thanks for visiting!

New ‘middle-weight’ extends Caterpillar mini excavator range
Mining Review, on Thu, 05 Nov 2015 07:33:45 -0800
The excavator weighs in at around 6 800 kg and comes equipped with the new Cat C2.6 DI Turbo engine, which generates a gross output of 43 kW. This power plant is matched with the machine’s load sensing hydraulic system to provide excellent digging …

Video: Bucyrus-Erie 31-H hydraulic excavator : Pit & Quarry
Bucyrus-Erie’s line of hydraulic excavators was developed in the late 1960s. The 31-H hydraulic excavator featured in this video was especially adapted for pipeline duties. It was developed from the 30-H, which was released …

Giant Earthmovers : An Illustrated History
Keith Haddock, published unknown, 0 pages

Excavating Equipment

What are the Different Types of Excavating Equipment? – wiseGEEK
The first types of excavating equipment consisted of hands and sharp sticks.
Technology moved onward and upward to the shovel and the pickaxe. From the …

topsoil-delivery-victoriaTopsoil delivery victoria
from scand1990, ago in
Don Mann Excavating is one of Victoria’s largest and most well respected excavation companies. Built on providing dependable service and quality workmanship. Offering Excavating, Demolition, Equipment Rental, Asbestos Removal, Topsoil Delivery and more.

Parkland to Show Lost Secrets of Tequesta
NBC 6 South Florida, on Sun, 08 Nov 2015 07:17:19 -0800
MIAMI, FL – MAY 10: Archaeologist Wesley White, with the Archaeological and Historical Conservancy, uses a brush while excavating a site where the conservancy found evidence that at one time, more than 1,000 years ago a Tequesta Indian village stood on

Mass Excavation Inc. – Under 40 in Construction Equipment …
Congratulations to our own Craig Worrell who was selected as a 2015 Under 40 in Construction Equipment Award winner! Craig Worrell, CEM, 39, is the Equipment Manager for Mass Excavation and Davis Constructors.

Profitable use of excavation equipment
Elmer R. Drevdahl, published 1961, 156 pages


Heavy equipment – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heavy equipment refers to heavy-duty vehicles, specially designed for executing
construction tasks, most frequently ones involving earthwork operations.


actor (colloquially known as a JCB in Ireland and UK), is a piece of excavating equipment or digger consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part

from mathenriy, ago in
Minies – Selling mini excavation equipment, excavators nsw, posi track nsw, earthmoving equipment nsw, backhoe equipment nsw, bobcat equipment nsw, airman excavator nsw, mini excavator nsw, compact track loader and central coast excavating equipment.

Plainfield village board authorizes contractors for snow removal services
The Bugle, on Tue, 10 Nov 2015 13:22:30 -0800
Among the contractors are K&D Enterprises Landscaping, John Green Excavating Company and several others. “This would more than double our forces that we currently have, if needed,” Director of … The board approved the purchase of a 2016 Ford Escape

Brief Review of the Australian Construction and Excavating Equipment Industry
unknown, published 1950, 28 pages

Rivers and Harbors Act

Rivers and Harbors Act of 1965

beach erosion projects. The Flood Control Act of 1965 was also part of Pub.L. 89–298 (Title II). Sec 305 of the Act authorized 46 navigation projects in

volunteer-projectsVolunteer projects
from Riversidesp, ago in
Throughout the month of July, more than 35 volunteers picked up litter, removed graffiti, and maintained trails in the Park, including the Centennial Trail. Together they gave more than 120 hours of their time to the park. Another group of 24 volunteers – including 20 children ages 8-15 – helped fill areas with gravel where the Spokane River flooding had washed away the earth under and around the Centennial Trail.

World Bank's N100b erosion project cash for review
The Nation Newspaper, on Mon, 09 Nov 2015 15:03:45 -0800
The World Bank said yesterday that it would begin a review of the $5000 million (about N100billion) Nigerian Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) in the country from January 5 next year. The review, it said would enable it to advance …

World Bank's N100b erosion project cash for review – The …
The World Bank said yesterday that it would begin a review of the $5000 million (about N100billion) Nigerian Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) in the country from January 5 next year.

Dispersive Clays, Related Pipings and Erosion in Geotechnical Projects
American Society for Testing and Materials Annual Meeting, American Society for Testing and Materials, published 1977, 479 pages

Sewage collection

sewerage system |
Oct 14, 2015 Sewerage system, network of pipes, pumps, and force mains for the collection of
wastewater, or sewage, from a community. Modern sewerage …

Sewage collection and disposal

also: Sanitary sewer Sewage collection and disposal systems transport sewage through cities and other inhabited areas to sewage treatment plants to protect

20131026-middle-region-sewage-system-maintenance-road-closureMiddle Region Sewage System Maintenance Road Closure
from 981fmpearlradio, ago in
Middle Region Sewage System Maintenance Road Closure

‘When we get it right, IT is the sewage system of the 21st century’
CIO New Zealand, on Sun, 08 Nov 2015 12:26:15 -0800
“IT is the crucial bit of infrastructure that will change healthcare…when we get it right, IT is the sewage system of the 21st century,” he contends. “IT is not glamorous, it is the bricks and mortars of the 21st century. It is the electricity system

Montreal’s raw sewage dump justified: water treatment experts
Five of Canada’s most prominent waste water treatment experts say the city of Montreal is right to release several days’ worth of raw sewage into the St. Lawrence River while necessary repairs are carried out on a crucial …

Marion Sewage System: Environmental Impact Statement
unknown, published 1974, 0 pages

Aerobic treatment system

Aerobic treatment system

treatment system or ATS, often called (incorrectly) an aerobic septic system, is a small scale sewage treatment system similar to a septic tank system, but

pressure-mound-system-septic-installers-mike-schwartz-pePressure mound system: Septic Installers – Mike Schwartz, P.E.
from preinnewhof, ago in

Septic system in the works for Stinson restrooms
Point Reyes Light, on Thu, 12 Nov 2015 10:00:00 -0800
Construction is underway to overhaul the National Park Service’s septic system at Stinson Beach, which experiences heavy use during the busy summer season. A plan has been in the offing for months, and work began on Nov. 3 after the park finally

Homeowner Septic System workshop Nov. 10 in Seguin …
SEGUIN – The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority and Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board will present a Homeowner Maintenance of Septic Systems Course from 6-8 p.m. …

The Grass Is Always Greener Over the Septic Tank
Erma Bombeck, published 2013, 245 pages

Septic tanks

Septic tank – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A septic tank is a key component of the septic system, a small-scale sewage
treatment system common in areas that lack connection to main sewage pipes …

JEA Agreement meeting addresses septic tank, sewer issues
Florida Politics (blog), on Tue, 10 Nov 2015 12:09:26 -0800
Joint operating/cost savings opportunities; JEA Board composition; a semantic discussion of “profits”; pension issues; and the contribution formula, which is the crux of the continuing contretemps between the public utility and the city. They didn’t

Aging residential septic tanks attracting Athens-Clarke …
Large numbers of aging septic tanks, concentrated primarily in residential areas of northern Athens-Clarke County between U.S. Highway 29 and Commerce Road, and in residential areas in the far southeastern edge of the …

The Grass Is Always Greener Over the Septic Tank
Erma Bombeck, published 2013, 245 pages

Building a Concrete Driveway

Watch This Before You Build A Concrete Driveway – Design – YouTube
Jun 30, 2013 Videos like these will provide homeowners with a few more tips and ideas to
eliminate or reduce construction failures. For more tips and ideas …

32-Building Avalon Bay Proposed for Sudbury, on Sun, 15 Nov 2015 11:07:30 -0800
… the announcement, is for the construction of 250 rental units in 32 buildings, each containing between 4 and 16 units, and a clubhouse. Access is from a new road on Route 20, situated directly across from the westernmost Shaw’s Plaza driveway

Office Driveway Under Construction | St. Peter’s Episcopal …
Office Driveway Under Construction. OFFICE DRIVEWAY: The office driveway will be resurfaced soon. If you need to come to the office and the driveway and walkways are inaccessible, you can enter the office via Daniel Hall. Enter through …

Driveway and Sidewalk Construction Policies and Regulations
Greensboro (N.C.), published 1984, 70 pages

Driveway Materials and Maintenance

Types of Driveway Materials – Installation & Maintenance
This FAQ series presents various driveway materials to consider for new
installations, as well as tips on sealing, repairing and landscaping existing

Cleaning and Maintaining Your Gutters, on Mon, 16 Nov 2015 14:52:30 -0800
Clogged gutters can create a backup situation where wet leaves and organic materials can break down the roof system. So keeping your gutters clean will actually help maintain your roof system as well. Always consult with a professional if you feel that

Common Driveway Materials | Blue Moon Realty Group
Common Driveway Materials – Many potential homeowners never give a second thought to driveway materials when looking at homes.

Slips, Trips, Missteps, and Their Consequences
Gary M. Bakken, H. Harvey Cohen, Jon R. Abele, published 2007, 375 pages

Road Construction

IDOT Current Road Construction Information – Getting Around Illinois
Contract Number, 60T24. District, 1. County, COOK. Near Town, Willow Springs.

Road construction and maintenance projects
Lima Ohio, on Sun, 15 Nov 2015 15:03:45 -0800
Yoder Road closed November 4 for approximately two months to allow for construction of a retaining wall which will be built between Yoder Road and Interstate 75. Access to the Orthopedic Institute of Ohio (OIO) is maintained at the main entrance near

Road construction and maintenance projects – The Lima News
Yoder Road closed November 4 for approximately two months to allow for construction of a retaining wall which will be built between Yoder Road and Interstate 75. Access to the Orthopedic Institute of Ohio (OIO) is maintained …

Road construction and maintenance
E.I. du Pont de Nemours Powder Company, published 1915, 127 pages

Construction Projects

Current Construction Projects
MnDOT current construction projects and related traffic impacts. … COMPLETE:
Hwy 2 from MN/ND border in East Grand Forks. Description: Repair/ replace the …

WisDOT: Most road construction will be done in time for Thanksgiving travel, on Wed, 18 Nov 2015 08:07:30 -0800
MILWAUKEE — Although most major highway construction projects have concluded for the year, drivers may encounter some ongoing road work as well as heavy traffic during the Thanksgiving holiday, according to the Wisconsin Department of …

WisDOT: Most road construction will be done in time for …
MILWAUKEE — Although most major highway construction projects have concluded for the year, drivers may encounter some ongoing road work as well as heavy traffic during the Thanksgiving holiday, according to the …

Highway Construction and Maintenance
J. P. Watson, published 1994, 236 pages

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